Dangerous Goods

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Turkish Cargo Hazardous Materials Shipping

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General Definition:
Dangerous Goods, as listed in the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, are those materials which can be hazardous to passengers, to crew, to aircraft or other cargo in the aircraft, and to the environment because of their chemical and/or physical qualities. They must comply with DGR and current regulations and they are definitely rejected, if the requirements are not met.

Dangerous Goods are defined by the United Nations Expert Committee in nine categories.

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1.1 Materials exploding in bulk
1.2 Fragmentation explosives
1.3 Explosives causing fire; these may be small-scale fire or fragmentation.
1.4 Explosives with insignificant danger of explosion (can be transported in passenger aircrafts)
1.5 Insensitive materials with explosive potential
1.6 Extremely insensitive materials with no bulk explosive potential

2.1 Inflammable gases
2.2 Non-inflammable/non-toxic gases
2.3 Toxic gases

Inflammable Liquids 
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3 Inflammable liquids; dyes, alcohol, acetone, petroleum, adhesives, thinner, etc.

Inflammable Solids
4.1 Inflammable Solids
4.2 Self-igniting materials
4.3 Materials that become dangerous or produce inflammable gases as a result of contact with water

Oxidizing materials and organic peroxides. 
5.1 Oxidizing materials. They produce oxygen when burning, which increases the intensity of the flame. Ammonium nitrate, calcium chlorate, etc.
5.2 Organic peroxides.Since they carry oxygen, they ignite easily; they are sensitive to impact and friction, and they are harmful to the eyes. Butyl hydroperoxide, dibenzoyl peroxide, etc.

Toxic and infectious materials. 
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6.1 Toxic materials. They produce poisoning when inhaled or otherwise ingested; upon contact with skin. Arsenic, cyanide, pesticides, nicotine, etc.
6.2 Infectious materials - containing pathogenic organisms (bacteria, viruses, rickettsias, parasites, mycetes) that are hazardous for humans and animals

Radioactive Materials
7 Radioactive Material.
   Category I: very low radiation level on the package surface
   Category II: medium radiation level on the package surface
   Category III: High radiation level on the package surface
   Fissile (capable of nuclear fission) substances (Uranium-233, Plutonium-239, etc.)

8 Corrosives. They cause damage to skin and corrosion of metals. Battery acids, mercury, sulphuric acid, etc.

Miscellaneous Dangerous Materials
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9 Miscellaneous dangerous goods are those substances that are not classified in any of the above categories, but are dangerous by nature. Cars, motorcycles, engines, dry ice, magnetic substances, environmentally hazardous materials, etc.

Declaration - Confirmation:
According to the IATA DGR rules, the sender is solely responsible for the identification, packaging, labeling, and marking of the hazardous materials to be shipped, as well as falsely or incompletely declared cargo.

Since approval and confirmation procedures vary by country, national rules in the IATA The Air Cargo Tariff Manual - RULES section 7 should be used.

General Information on Documentation, Procedures and Packaging:
Restrictions for certain countries, if any, should be checked in the IATA Air Cargo Tariff Manual - RULES, Import/Transit/Export Regulations sections.

Information on identification, packaging, labeling, classification, documentation, etc. are available in the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations and must be definitely examined.

For detailed information, please contact the following e-mail address: specialcargo@thy.com

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